This is a 3-D recreation of a drawing by Joseph Jastrow in 1899. (Sadly I don't know who made the sculpture.
Joseph Jastrow was a professor at my Alma Mater, the University of Wisconsin. Jastrow used the figure and one of the worlds first randomized experimental trials to show that perception was not the same as stimulus. The original duck-rabbit was in a Munich humor magazine from 1892.